Eastern Nile Flood Preparedness and Early Warning Project (FPEW)
|Tuesday, 01 March 2011 06:50|
The Eastern Nile region is characterized by highly variable river flows, making it prone to extremes of flood and drought events. A significant proportion of the annual runoff volume of Eastern Nile, contributing over 86% of the total River Nile flows, occurs in only three months, July to September. During high rainfall periods major rivers in the region often give rise to large scale riverine flooding, particularly in floodplains of Sudan and Ethiopia, with devastating effect on lives, livelihoods, and property. The estimated Average Annual Damage (AAD) is USD 25.77 million and USD 5.54 million in rural settlements riparian to the Blue Nile and Main Nile in Sudan and in the Fogera and Dembiya floodplains adjoining Lake Tana respectively. The 2006 flood in Ethiopia, for example, resulted in 700 deaths and 242,000 people displaced. The 1998 flood in Sudan caused a direct flood damage of US$ 24.3 million. Extreme climatic and weather events such as droughts and floods are one of the clearest instances which literally drive home the need for transboundary cooperation. All flood protection (also drought) and management national activities - no matter how sophisticated and expensive - are ultimately rendered only of limited effectiveness if they are not founded on a strong upstream-downstream i.e. transboundary cooperation. It is from this rationale that Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan came together to set up, through ENSAP the Flood Preparedness and Early Warning Project.
Implemented in two phases, the project gives emphasis to flood risk management and non-structural approaches to managing the impact of flood. The FPEW project enhances regional collaboration and improves national capacity in the mitigation, forecasting, warning, emergency preparedness, and response to floods in the Eastern Nile basin.
To reduce human suffering caused by frequent flooding while preserving the environmental benefits of floods.
Establish a comprehensive regional approach to flood management that integrates watershed, river and flood plain management, and incorporate a suite of structural flood mitigation measures within a broad multipurpose framework.
Results to –date
In the just concluded 1st phase (2007-2010) the project has achieved the following results, consisting of non-structural measures and pilot interventions. More specific achievements include the following:
Next Steps: Five year plan (2012-2016)
The Project’s Phase I demonstrated that the design and the implementation modalities are cost effective. However, the scale has been limited. The forecasting models require further enhancement and integration. Phase II will hence focus on upscaling, with the following sub-programs:
When completed, the project will:
Funding: The project is currently engaged in mobilization of funding to the tune of USD 39 million to finance the above activities
|Last Updated on Monday, 17 October 2011 11:53|