The Nile Basin borders Lake Victoria in the country’s west. Though it makes up only about 9 percent of the country’s land area, the Basin provides about 52 percent of Kenya’s water, and its role in the country’s economic development seems set to increase. The Nile Basin is extremely important to Kenya and it is the least-developed basin in the country. The region faces serious problems with soil erosion, deforestation, sedimentation, decline of water quality and degradation of wetlands – issues which can best be addressed through a trans-boundary approach.
Kenya and the Nile Basin Initiative: Benefits of cooperation