English (UK)

folder Technical Documents


The views expressed in these s are not necessarily those of NBI’s Member States or its development partners. Trademark names and symbols are used in an editorial fashion and no intention of infringement on trade mark or copyright laws. The NBI regrets any errors or omissions that may have been unwittingly made in this publications.

The NBI is not an authority on International Administrative Boundaries. All country boundaries used in the publications are based on FAO Global Administrative Unit Layers (GAUL).

pdf Nile Basin Water Resources Atlas #

The Nile Basin Water Resources Atlas provides a platform to visualize the status of Nile Basin resources, their distribution in time and space, observed trends, vital statistics and water use and demand by the major sectors. It is structured in seven chapters introducing the reader to the Nile Basin location, physiography, spatial and temporal variation of major climate variables and hydrology in the major sub-basins presented at selected key stations. It provides an estimate of water demands, water use by key sectors and an overview of major hydraulic infrastructure. The Atlas also presents the current state of basin monitoring, focusing on hydro-meteorological monitoring highlighting the identified gaps and what NBI has recommended as the most suitable monitoring network.

download interactive Version (67MB)


download Atlas Chapters


pdf Nile Basin Trans-boundary Wetlands #

The Nile Basin is endowed with rich and diverse wetlands crucial for the provision of multiple ecosystem services and goods, which are beneficial to livelihoods of its citizens, economies and associated ecosystems. Some of the Nile Basin wetlands are designated as Protected Areas, Migratory Birds Flyways, Important Birds Areas, World Heritage Sites as well as Wetlands of International importance under Ramsar Convention, which include the Sudd Marshes in South Sudan. Find out more about the NBI project on Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of Ecosystem Services of Wetlands of Transboundary Relevance in the Nile Basin.

pdf The State of the River Nile Basin #

This inaugural State of the River Nile Basin report presents information on the general health of the Nile Basin, and is intended to raise awareness and improve understanding of biophysical, sociocultural, and economic conditions within the basin. It highlights water hotspots’ and ‘hopespots’, and observes that cooperation amongst the riparian states is crucial for solving the basin’s multiple environmental and socio-economic problems. The report targets policy makers and the general population, and seeks to catalyze and facilitate discussion, information sharing, knowledge-based decision-making, and collective action at basinwide level. The State of Basin reports provide a framework for pressure–state– response analysis, and will be published every three years as a flagship knowledge product of the Nile Basin Initiative.

Read more chapters

pdf Environmental and Social Management Framework for NCORE Project #

The ESMF spells out the Environmental and Social safeguards, institutional arrangements and capacity required for its implementation. This ensures that sub‐projects under the NCORE project meets the national and local Environmental and Social requirements, and is also consistent with OP 4.01, OP 4.12 and OP 4.10 of the World Bank.
The ESMF sets out principles and processes agreeable to all parties.

pdf Understanding the Nile Basin Hydrology #

Evapotranspiration (ET) is one of the major components of the water balance over the Nile Basin and its sub-basins. It accounts for about 87% of the basin’s rainfall but this value varies from a sub-basin to another Based on land use/cover and prevailing climatic conditions. It is difficult to measure evapotranspiration but recent advances in satellite observations have enabled its estimation over large areas such as the Nile basin. The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) has utilized such advances and generated adataset of ET estimates over the Nile Basin spanning the period 2000 to date. Analyzing this dataset revealed some interesting insights for water management.